Monday, November 4, 2019

WELLNESS WEDNESDAY: DIABETES



DIABETES INFORMATION

Prediabetes   
What is it?           
  • Elevated blood sugar levels but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes
  • Raises risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke
Cause
  • Associated with older age obesity, family history, physical inactivity and certain ethnicities
Treatment/Management
  • Reduce risk for developing type 2 diabetes by reducing body weight by 5-7%
  • Done through improved diet and increased in physical activity
Type I
What is it?
  • Autoimmune diseasesThe body’s immune system attacks the insulin producing cells in the pancreas
  • Insulin is the hormone that allows our body to convert food to energy
Cause
  • Currently unknown but believed autoimmune, genetic, environmental and other factors are involved
Treatment/Management
  • Must be treated with insulin shots and possible other medications
  • Healthy food choices and exercise help manage the condition
Type II
What is it?
  • Condition that begins with the body being unable to use its own insulin supply efficiently
  • Eventually insulin production will decrease
  • Glucose (sugar) will build up in the blood because it cannot be converted to energy
Cause
  • Associated with older age, obesity, family history, physical inactivity, and certain ethnicities. 80% of type 2 diabetics are overweight or obese
Treatment/Management
  • Some take medications, Most people will benefit from making healthy food choices and being physically active

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