Wednesday, November 20, 2019

WELLNESS WEDNESDAY: ANTIBIOTIC AWARENESS



  • Antibiotics can save lives when necessary but overuse can lead to resistance and side effects
  • Each year in the US 2.8 million infections occur due to antibiotic resistant bacteria
  • 35,000 people die each year due to antibiotic resistant infections
  • Resistance means that the bacteria has developed an ability that keeps the drug from killing them
  • Antibiotics do not work on viruses such as colds, flu, bronchitis even if the mucous is yellow or green
  • Viruses will usually go away on their own in 1-2 weeks and taking antibiotics will not make you feel better when it is a viral infection. Discuss ways to manage your symptoms with your provider
  • Antibiotics can have serious side effects however if your provider has prescribed antibiotics then the benefits outweigh the risks. You should notify your provider right away if you develop a rash or severe diarrhea. Severe diarrhea may indicate an infection due to antibiotic use called C. difficile that needs treatment
  • If you are prescribed antibiotics be sure to take exactly as prescribed. Do not stop the medication early even if you are feeling better
  • Stay healthy and keep others healthy by good hand-washing, covering your cough and staying home when sick. Also, get any recommended vaccines such as flu and pneumonia shots

Monday, November 4, 2019

WELLNESS WEDNESDAY: DIABETES



DIABETES INFORMATION

Prediabetes   
What is it?           
  • Elevated blood sugar levels but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes
  • Raises risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke
Cause
  • Associated with older age obesity, family history, physical inactivity and certain ethnicities
Treatment/Management
  • Reduce risk for developing type 2 diabetes by reducing body weight by 5-7%
  • Done through improved diet and increased in physical activity
Type I
What is it?
  • Autoimmune diseasesThe body’s immune system attacks the insulin producing cells in the pancreas
  • Insulin is the hormone that allows our body to convert food to energy
Cause
  • Currently unknown but believed autoimmune, genetic, environmental and other factors are involved
Treatment/Management
  • Must be treated with insulin shots and possible other medications
  • Healthy food choices and exercise help manage the condition
Type II
What is it?
  • Condition that begins with the body being unable to use its own insulin supply efficiently
  • Eventually insulin production will decrease
  • Glucose (sugar) will build up in the blood because it cannot be converted to energy
Cause
  • Associated with older age, obesity, family history, physical inactivity, and certain ethnicities. 80% of type 2 diabetics are overweight or obese
Treatment/Management
  • Some take medications, Most people will benefit from making healthy food choices and being physically active